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中学六年,都没弄清晰虚拟语气,直到看了这个语法知识总结!

中学六年,都没弄清楚虚拟语气,直到看了这个语法知识总结!

虚拟语气讲解:

英语中的各种语气:

1, 陈述语气: I like apples 我喜欢苹果。(肯定)

I don’t like apples我不喜欢苹果(否定)

2, 疑惑语气: What’s your name?你叫什么名字?

Do you like apples?你喜欢苹果?

3,祈使语气: Open the door 打开门

3, 虚拟语气: If I were you, I would forgive her如果我是你,我将会原谅她。

虚拟语气结构讲解:

1, 与现在的事实相反:从句用过去式,主句用would/could/might/should/+动词原形

例如;If I had time ,the classroom would be so clean 如果我有时间,教室将会更加洁净。

2, 与过去的事实相反:主句用would/could/should/might/+have+ done , 从句中过去完成时

例如;If I had finished my homework ,I would have passed that test

如果当时我完成了我的做,我就能够通过我的考试了。

3, 与将来的事实相反:主句用:should/could/would/might/+动词原形,从句用should do (可能性最大),过去式(可能性一般)were to do (可能性最小)

If it should snow tomorrow,I would make a snowman 如果明天下雪,明天我将对一个雪人

If it snowed tomorrow,I would make a snowman 如果明天下雪,明天我将堆一个雪人

If it were to snow tomorrow ,I would make a snowman 如果明天下雪,我将对一个雪人

虚拟语气的倒装形式

If I had worked hard ,I would have finished it 如果当时我努力工作,我就已经完成它了。

=Had I worked hard ,I would have finished it

If it should snow tomorrow ,I would make a snowman 如果明天下月,我将会对雪人

Should it snow tomorrow ,I would make a snowman

If it were to snow tomorrow ,I would make a snowman

=Were it to snow tomorrow ,I would make a snowman

虚拟语气在各类从句中的用法

1,I lifted the chair so that I could be seen 我举起椅子就是为了能被瞧见 (状语从句)

状语从句中常见连接词:as if 似乎,as though 似乎,in order that 为了,for fear that 生怕,

In case 万一,lest 以防万一,

2,主语从句: It is +形容词 +that+ 主语+(should+动词原形),should可以省略

It is very important that we (should )study English every day 我们每天学习英语是很重要的。

4, 宾语从句;I wish I would visit the moon我祝愿自己能有一天拜访月球。

I would rather you had helped me out two days ago 我倒想你能在两天前帮助我

宾语从句常见句型: 主语+常见动词+that+ 主语+ should+动词原形

I suggest that you should do your homework 我建议你应该做你的作业。

表语从句;He looked as if he had been here for many years 他看起来似乎已经很多年了。

同位语从句:

I make a proposal that we should hold a meeting next week 我提议下周召开一次会议

虚拟语气常见词汇:,demand 请求,require 请求,proposal提议,advise 建议,order 命令,suggest建议

虚拟语气的其他用法:

祝愿: Long live peace 和平万岁

It is (high)time that+ 主语+ should/过去式

It’s time that we had a break 我们早该休息了

It’s (high)time that we should protect ourselves 我们是时候保护我们自己了。

复制转发: 中学六年,都没弄清晰虚拟语气,直到看了这个语法知识总结!

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